एमसिसीः ५० देशमा ८१ परियोजना, ५२ बन्द, ९ मात्रै कार्यान्वयनमा

काठमाडौं । सरकारले संसदबाट पारित गर्न निकै जोडबल गरेको एमसिसीका ९ वटा परियोजना मात्रै विश्वमा कार्यान्वयनको चरणमा छन् ।

अमेरिकाको इण्डो–प्यासिफिक स्टारटेजी (हिन्द–प्रशान्त रणनीति) लाई सघाउन अघि सारिएको मिलेनियम च्यालेन्ज कर्पोरेसन अन्तर्गत सम्पन्न भएका, हस्ताक्षर भएका र हाल विकासको चरणमा रहेका ८१ वटा परियोजना छन् ।

कर्पोरेसनको वेभसाइटमा उल्लेख भए अनुसार, अफ्रिकी मुलुकका कैयन देशमा चलेका परियोजना सम्पन्न भएर बन्द भएका छन् भने केही नयाँ देशमा परियोजना निर्माणको गृहकार्य चलेको छ ।

अफ्रिकाको बुर्किना फासो, नेपाल र सेनेगलमा यी सम्झौता हस्ताक्षर भएका छन् । तर लागु भने हुन सकेका छैनन् ।

म्याडगास्कर र मालीमा भने यी परियोजना रद्द गरिएका छन् । श्रीलंकामा भने परियोजनालाई निरन्तरता दिने निर्णय खारेज गरिएको छ ।

अमेरिकी कंग्रेसले सन् २००४ मा एमसिसी परियोजनालाई अघि बढाउने निर्णय गरेको थियो ।

एमसीसीले कडा मापदण्ड पुरा गर्ने विकासोन्मुख मुलुकहरूलाई समयसीमित अनुदान सहायता प्रदान गर्दछ । संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका र नेपालबिच २०७४ भदौमा दक्षिण एसियामै पहिलो पटक जलविद्युत क्षेत्रमा उक्त परियोजना लागु गर्न नेपाल कम्प्याक्ट सहमतिमा हस्ताक्षर भएको थियो ।

एमसीसीको सञ्चालक समितिमा अमेरिकी विदेशमन्त्री अध्यक्ष हुन्छन् । अमेरिकी अर्थमन्त्री, युएसएआईडीका प्रशासक, अमेरिकी व्यापार प्रतिनिधि, एमसीसीका प्रमुख कार्यकारी र निजी क्षेत्रबाट चारजना यसमा सदस्य रहन्छन् । अमेरिकाले एमसीसीअन्तर्गत उपलब्ध गराउने वैदेशिक सहायता रकम सम्बन्धित मुलुकले खर्च गर्न नसकेमा एमसीसीमै फिर्ता हुने प्रावधान छ ।

एमसिसीलाई शुरुका दिनमा विशुद्ध विकासका लागि सहायता भनिएपनि पछिल्लो चरणमा भने यसको रणनीति अमेरिकी सैन्य रणनीतिलाई सघाउने भन्दै आलोचना समेत बढेको छ ।

अमेरिकाले इण्डो प्यासिफि स्ट्राटेजी अघि सार्दै चीनलाई आर्थिक, राजनीतिक र सामारिक ढंगले घेराबन्दी गर्ने नीति लिएपछि त्यसलाई सघाउ पर्याउन एमसिसी परियोजनामा जोड दिइएको कतिपयले टिप्पणी गरेका छन् । अमेरिकाको हिन्द–प्रशान्त रणनीति पत्रमा चीनको प्रभुत्व रोक्ने मुख्य उद्देश्य राखिएको छ । यसका लागि भारतलाई रणनीतिक साझेदारका रुपमा यो रणनीति पत्रले चित्रण गरेको छ ।

नेपालमा नेपाली कांग्रेस र नेकपा एमालभित्र प्रधानमन्त्री ओली पक्षले एमसिसीलाई सदनबाट पारित गर्नुपर्नेमा जोड दिँदै आएका छन् । माओवादी केन्द्रलगायत अन्य दलले भने नेपालको हितमा हुनेगरी संशोधन गरेर मात्र एमसिसि पारित गर्नुपर्ने अनौपचारिक धारणा राखेका छन् ।

याे पनि पढ्नुस  सदनमा एमसिसी प्रस्तुत नगरेकाेमा प्रधानमन्त्रीको असन्तुष्टी

विश्वका कुन कुन देशमा छ त एमसिसी ?

Country Program Name Lifecycle Status Program Amount Signing Date
 

Albania

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Albania Threshold Program Closed $13,900,000 April 4, 2006
Albania Threshold Program, Stage II Closed $15,731,000 September 29, 2008
Armenia

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Armenia Compact Closed $235,650,000 March 27, 2006
Benin

Africa

Benin Compact Closed $307,298,040 February 22, 2006
Benin Power Compact Implementation $375,000,000 September 9, 2015
Burkina Faso

Africa

Burkina Faso Compact Closed $480,943,569 July 14, 2008
Burkina Faso Compact II Signed $450,000,000 August 13, 2020
Burkina Faso Threshold Program Closed $12,900,000 July 23, 2005
Cabo Verde

Africa

Cabo Verde Compact Closed $110,078,488 July 5, 2005
Cabo Verde Compact II Closed $66,230,000 February 10, 2012
Côte d’Ivoire

Africa

Côte d’Ivoire Compact Implementation $524,740,000 November 7, 2017
El Salvador

Latin America

El Salvador Compact Closed $460,940,000 November 29, 2006
El Salvador Investment Compact Closure $277,000,000 September 30, 2014
Ethiopia

Africa

Ethiopia Proposed Threshold Program Development
Georgia

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Georgia Compact Closed $395,300,000 September 12, 2005
Georgia Compact II Closed $140,000,000 July 26, 2013
Ghana

Africa

Ghana Compact Closed $547,009,000 August 1, 2006
Ghana Power Compact Implementation $308,200,000 August 6, 2014
Guatemala

Latin America

Guatemala Threshold Program Implementation $28,000,000 April 8, 2015
Guyana

Latin America

Guyana Threshold Program Closed $6,711,000 August 24, 2007
Honduras

Latin America

Honduras Compact Closed $205,000,000 June 14, 2005
Honduras Threshold Program Closed $15,650,000 August 28, 2013
Indonesia

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Indonesia Compact Closed $600,000,000 November 19, 2011
Indonesia Proposed Compact Development
Indonesia Threshold Program Closed $55,000,000 October 26, 2006
Jordan

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Jordan Compact Closed $275,100,000 October 25, 2010
Jordan Threshold Program Closed $25,000,000 October 17, 2006
Kenya

Africa

Kenya Proposed Threshold Program Development
Kenya Threshold Program Closed $12,700,000 March 23, 2007
Kiribati

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Kiribati Proposed Threshold Program Development
Kosovo

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Kosovo Proposed Compact Development
Kosovo Threshold Program Implementation $49,000,000 September 12, 2017
Kyrgyz Republic

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Kyrgyz Republic Threshold Program Closed $15,994,000 March 14, 2008
Lesotho

Africa

Lesotho Compact Closed $362,551,000 July 23, 2007
Lesotho Proposed Compact Development
Liberia

Africa

Liberia Compact Closure $256,726,000 October 2, 2015
Liberia Threshold Program Closed $15,073,050 July 7, 2010
Madagascar

Africa

Madagascar Compact Terminated $109,773,000 April 18, 2005
Malawi

Africa

Malawi Compact Closed $350,700,000 April 7, 2011
Malawi Proposed Compact Development
Malawi Threshold Program Closed $20,920,000 September 24, 2005
Mali

Africa

Mali Compact Terminated $460,811,164 November 13, 2006
Moldova

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Moldova Compact Closed $262,000,000 January 22, 2010
Moldova Threshold Program Closed $24,700,000 December 16, 2006
Mongolia

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Mongolia Compact Closed $284,911,363 October 22, 2007
Mongolia Water Compact Implementation $350,000,000 July 27, 2018
Morocco

Africa

Morocco Compact Closed $697,500,000 August 31, 2007
Morocco Employability and Land Compact Implementation $450,000,000 November 30, 2015
Mozambique

Africa

Mozambique Compact Closed $506,924,053 July 13, 2007
Mozambique Proposed Compact Development
Namibia

Africa

Namibia Compact Closed $304,477,816 July 28, 2008
Nepal

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Nepal Compact Signed $500,000,000 September 14, 2017
Nicaragua

Latin America

Nicaragua Compact Closed $113,500,000 July 15, 2005
Niger

Africa

Niger Compact Implementation $437,024,000 July 29, 2016
Niger Threshold Program Closed $16,898,160 March 18, 2008
Paraguay

Latin America

Paraguay Threshold Program Closed $34,645,092
Paraguay Threshold Program, Stage II Closed $30,300,000 April 14, 2009
Peru

Latin America

Peru Threshold Program Closed $35,585,000 June 10, 2008
Philippines

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Philippines Compact Closed $433,910,000 September 23, 2010
Philippines Threshold Program Closed $20,685,000 July 27, 2006
Rwanda

Africa

Rwanda Threshold Program Closed $24,730,000 September 24, 2008
São Tomé and Principe

Africa

São Tomé and Prí­ncipe Threshold Program Closed $7,362,426 November 9, 2007
Senegal

Africa

Senegal Compact Closed $540,000,000 September 16, 2009
Senegal Power Compact Signed $550,000,000 December 10, 2018
Sierra Leone

Africa

Sierra Leone Proposed Compact Development
Sierra Leone Threshold Program Closure $44,400,000 November 17, 2015
Solomon Islands

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Solomon Islands Proposed Threshold Program Development
Sri Lanka

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Sri Lanka Compact Discontinued
Tanzania

Africa

Tanzania Compact Closed $698,136,000 February 17, 2008
Tanzania Proposed Compact Suspended
Tanzania Threshold Program Closed $11,200,000
Gambia

Africa

The Gambia Proposed Threshold Program Development
Timor-Leste

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Timor-Leste Proposed Compact Development
Timor-Leste Threshold Program Closed $10,496,000 September 23, 2010
Togo

Africa

Togo Threshold Program Implementation $35,000,000 February 14, 2019
Tunisia

Africa

Tunisia Proposed Compact Development
Uganda

Africa

Uganda Threshold Program Closed $10,446,180 March 29, 2007
Ukraine

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Ukraine Threshold Program Closed $44,970,000 December 4, 2006
Vanuatu

Europe, Asia and the Pacific

Vanuatu Compact Closed $65,690,000 March 2, 2006
Zambia

Africa

Zambia Compact Closed $354,757,640 May 10, 2012
Zambia Threshold Program Closed $22,735,000 May 23, 2006

 

 

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